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Hardy wildflower perennials

List and charcteristics of Wildflower annuals List and characteristics of Wildflower biennials
  • Absinthe (Artemisia absinthium) Wormwood : yellow flowers with silvery green leaves, grows to 70 cm in a fertile well drained soil. Flowers July to August in a sunny position.
  • Achilée millefeuille (Achillea millefolium) Yarrow : white flowers, grows to 60 cm in a dry well drained soil. Flowers June to August in a sunny position.
  • Achilée ptarmique (Achillea ptarmica) Sneezewort : decorative white flowers in a bouquet, grows to 70 cm in a fresh but damp soil. Flowers June to August in half-shade or sun.
  • Agripaume cardiaque (Leonorus cardiaca) Motherwort : stalks of pink flowers with decorative leaves, grows to 80 cm in a rich soil. Flwers June to August in half-shade or sun.
  • Aigremoine eupatoire (Agrimonia eupatoria) Common Agrimony : stalks of golden-yellow flowers, grows to 50 cm in a dry soil. Flowers June to August in half-shade or sun.
  • Ancolie sauvage (Aquilegia vulgaris) Common Columbine : stalks of gracious violet-blue flowers, grows to 60 cm in a permeable soil. Flowers May and June in half-shade.
  • Anthémis des teinturiers (Anthemis tinctoria) Golden Marguerite : prolific bright golden-yellow flowers, grows to 50 cm in a well drained hot soil. Flowers July and August in a sunny position.
  • Bétoine officinale (Stachys officinalis) Purple Betony : stalks of purple flowers, grows to 50 cm in a dry and fresh soil. Flowers June to August in half-shade or sun.
  • Buglosse officinale (Anchusa officinalis) Common Bugloss : clusters of small violet flowers, grows to 40 cm in a well drained soil. Flowers June to August in a sunny position.
  • Campanule fausse raiponce (Campanula rapunculoides) Creeping Bellflower : violet-blue bell shaped flowers, grows to 70 cm in a rich well drained soil. Flowers July to September in half-shade or sun.
  • Cardamine des prés (Cardamine pratensis) Cuckoo Flower : lilac-pink flowers, grows to 40 cm in a fresh and damp soil. Flowers April to June in half-shade or sun.
  • Centaurée jacée (Centaurea jacea) Brown Knapweed : large lilac-pink flowerheads, grows to 70 cm in all soils except damp ones. Flowers July and August in half-shade or sun.
  • Centauréée tęte de moineau (Centaurea nigra) Black Knapweed : purple flowerheads, grows to 60 cm in a well drained soil. Flowers July and August in half-shade or sun.
  • Chélidoine (Chelidonium majus) Greater Celandine : buttercup type yellow flowers, grows to 70 cm in a rich and dry soil. Flowers in May and June in half-shade or sun.
  • Compagnon rouge (Silene dioica) Red Campian : bouquets of bright pink flowers, grows to 50 cm in a well drained soil. Flowers May and June in half-shade.
  • Consoude officinale (Symphytum officinale) Common Comfrey : clusters of bell-shaped purple flowers, grows to 80 cm in a rich and fresh soil. Flowers May to July in half-shade or sun.
  • Coquelourde des jardins (Lychnis coronaria) Mullein-Pink : magenta red flowers with silvery-green leaves, grows to 60 cm in a good soil. Flowers July to September in half-shade or sun.
  • Coronille variée (Coronilla varia) Crown Vetch : cap of purple-lilac flowers, grows to 50 cm in a dry and fresh soil. Flowers June to August in half-shade or sun.
  • Digitale à grandes fleurs (Digitalis grandiflora) Big–Flowered Foxglove : large yellow-ochre flowers, grows to 70 cm in a well drained soil. Flowers June to August in half-shade or sun.
  • Epilobe en épis (Epilobium angustifolium) Rosebay Willowherb : long clusters of purple flowers, grows to 150 cm in a fresh soil. Flowers June to September in a sunny position.
  • Eupatoire chanvrine (Eupatorium cannabinum) Hemp-Agrimony : large racemes of mauve flowers, it grows to 90 cm in a fresh and damp soil. Flowers July to September in half-shade or sun.
  • Fenouil sauvage (Foeniculum vulgare) Fennel : umbels of yellow flowers with feathery leaves, grows to 120 cm in a well drained soil. Flowers July to September in half-shade or sun.
  • Gaillet jaune (Galium verum) Lady's Bedstraw : dense clusters of fragrant yellow flowers, grows to 50 cm in a dry soil. Flowers June to August in a sunny position.
  • Géranium des bois (Geranium sylvaticum) Wood Cranesbill : abundant mauve flowers, grows to 50 cm in a fresh soil. Flowers June and July in half-shade or sun.
  • Géranium des près (Geranium pratensis) Meadow Cranesbill : buttercup type violet-blue flowers, grows to 80 cm in a fresh soil. Flowers June to August in half-shade or sun.
  • Guimauve officinale (Althaea offininalis) Common Marshmallow : pinky-white flowers with velvety leaves, grows to 100 cm in a heavy soil. Flowers July and August in a sunny position.
  • Hysope officinale (Hyssopus officinalis) Herb Hyssop : stalks of violet- blue perfumed flowers, grows to 50 cm in a well drained soil. Flowers July and August in a sunny position.
  • Linaire commune (Linaria vulgaris) Common Toadflax : stalks of yellow-orange flowers with spurs, grows to 40 cm in a well drained soil. Flowers August and September in a sunny position.
  • Lotier cornicule (Lotus corniculatus) Bird's-foot Trefoil : bright yellow flowers, grows to 40 cm in a well drained soil. Flowers July to September in a sunny position.
  • Lotier des marais (Lotusuligonosus) Greater Bird's-Foot Trefoil : yellow flowers, grows to 60 cm in a rich and damp soil. Flowers July and August in a sunny position.
  • Lychnis fleur de coucou (Lychnis flos-cuculi) Ragged Robin : pretty pink ragged looking flowers, grows to 40 cm in a fresh to damp soil. Flowers May and June in half-shade or sun.
  • Marguerite des prés (Leucanthenum vulgare) Dog Daisy : white petalled flowers with yellow centres, grows to 60 cm in a well drained soil. Flowers June and July in a sunny position.
  • Mauve alcée (Malva alcea) Greater Musk-mallow : abundant pink flowers, grows to 80 cm in a well drained soil. Flowers July and August in a sunny position.
  • Mauve musquée (Malva moschata) Musk Mallow : pink flowers with a Musk perfume, grows to 60 cm in a fresh soil. Flowers July and August in half-shade or sun.
  • Menthe pouliot (Mentha pulegium) Pennyroyal : lilac-blue flowers, grows to 30 cm in a permeable soil. Flowers August and September in a sunny position.
  • Millepertuis (Hypericum perforatum) St John's Wort : golden-yellow branched flower, grows to 60 cm in a dry soil. Flowers July and August in half-shade or sun.
  • Origan sauvage (Origanum vulgare) Common Oregano : mauve perfumed flowers, grows to 50 cm in a well drained soil. Flowers in July and August in a sunny position.
  • Petite pimprenelle (Sanguisorba minor) Garden Burnet : pompons of greenish-pink flowers, grows to 50 cm in a well drained soil. Flowers May to August in half-shade or sun.
  • Primevère élevée (Primula eliator) Oxlip : clear yellow flowers, grows to 30 cm in a nutrative soil. Flowers April to June in a half-shaded position.
  • Reine des prés (Filipendula ulmaria) Meadowsweet : creamy white perfumed flowers, grows to 80 cm in a heavy soil. Flowers June and July in a sunny position.
  • Rue officinale (Ruta graveolens) Common Rue : sulpher-yellow flowers with perfumed leaves. Grows to 60 cm in a well drained hot soil. Flowers May to August in a sunny position.
  • Sainfoin (Onobrychis vicifolia) Sanfoin : elegant stalks of purple–pink flowers, grows to 60 cm in a well drained alkaline soil. Flowers May to August in a sunny position.
  • Salicaire commune (Lytrum salicaria) Purple Loosestrife : long stalks of deep pink flowers, grows to 100 cm in a damp fresh soil. Flowers July and August in half-shade or sun.
  • Saponaire officinale (Saponaria officinalis) Common Soapwort : pretty light pink flowers, grows to 60 cm in a dry soil. Flowers in July and August in half-shade or sun.
  • Sauge des bois (Teucrium scorodonia) Woodland Germander : large spikes of greeny-yellow flowers, grows to 50 cm in a dry fresh soil. Flowers in July and August in a half-shady position.
  • Sauge épi fleuri (Stachys germanica) Hedgenettle : stalks of pink flowers, grows to 60 cm in a nutritive and dry soil. Flowers July and August in a sunny position.
  • Sauge officinale (Salvia officinalis) Common Sage : stalks of perfumed lilac flowers, grows to 40 cm in a well drained soil. Flowers in June and July in a sunny position.
  • Sauge verticillée (salvia verticillata) Sauge : thick stems of violet-blue flowers, grows to 50 cm in a dry soil. Flowers June and July in a sunny position.
  • Scabieuse colombaire (Scabiosa columbaria) Pigeon Scabious : lilac flowers on a branched stem, grows to 70 cm in a dry soil. Flowers July to September in a sunny position.
  • Scabieuse des champs (Knautia arvensis) Field Scabious : large pompons of lilac flowers on a branched stem, grows to 70 cm in a well drained soil. Flowers May to July in half-shade and sun.
  • Scrofulaire des bois (Scrofularia nodosa) Figwort : small curious browny-red flowers, grows to 90 cm in a fresh and deep soil. Flowers May to August in a half-shady position.
  • Sédum reprise (Sedum telephium) Stonecrop : corymbre of purplish flowers, it grows to 40 cm in a dry soil. Flowers August to September in half-shade or sun.
  • Silène enflée (Silene vulgaris) Bladder Campian : white bent over flowers, grows to 50 cm in a dry soil . Flowers May to September in a sunny position.
  • Solidage du Canada (Solidago canadensis) Canada Goldenrod : clusters of golden yellow flowers on branched stems, grows to 80 cm in a well drained soil. Flowers August and September in a sunny position.
  • Stellaire holostée (Stellaria holostea) Greater Stitchwort : magnificent white star- shaped flowers, grows to 40 cm on a dry and nutritive soil. Flowers April to June in a half-shady position.
  • Tanaisie commune (Tanacetum vulgare) Tansy : golden yellow flowers with a perfumed foliage, grows to 80 cm in a well drained and rich soil. Flowers July to September in a sunny position.
  • Valériane officinale (Valeriana officinalis) Valerian : pinky-white flowers with elegant foliage, grows to 90 cm in a dry soil. Flowers July and August in half-shade or sun.
  • Valériane rouge (Centranthus ruber) Red Valerian : clusters of red flowers, grows to 60 cm in a well drained soil. Flowers May to August in a sunny position.
  • Vulnéraire (Anthyllis vulneraria) Kidney Vetch : yellow flowers grouped in clusters, grows to 40 cm in a well drained soil. Flowers May to August in a sunny position.
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